Saturday, December 28, 2019

One-Dimensional Kinematics Motion in a Straight Line

Before beginning a problem in kinematics, you must set up your coordinate system. In one-dimensional kinematics, this is simply an x-axis and the direction of the motion is usually the positive-x direction. Though displacement, velocity, and acceleration are all vector quantities, in the one-dimensional case they can all be treated as scalar quantities with positive or negative values to indicate their direction. The positive and negative values of these quantities are determined by the choice of how you align the coordinate system. Velocity in One-Dimensional Kinematics Velocity represents the rate of change of displacement over a given amount of time. The displacement in one-dimension is generally represented in regards to a starting point of x1 and x2. The time that the object in question is at each point is denoted as t1 and t2 (always assuming that t2 is later than t1, since time only proceeds one way). The change in a quantity from one point to another is generally indicated with the Greek letter delta, Δ, in the form of: Using these notations, it is possible to determine the average velocity (vav) in the following manner: vav (x2 - x1) / (t2 - t1) Δx / Δt If you apply a limit as Δt approaches 0, you obtain an instantaneous velocity at a specific point in the path. Such a limit in calculus is the derivative of x with respect to t, or dx/dt. Acceleration  in One-Dimensional Kinematics Acceleration represents the rate of change in velocity over time. Using the terminology introduced earlier, we see that the average acceleration (aav) is: aav (v2 - v1) / (t2 - t1) Δx / Δt Again, we can apply a limit as Δt approaches 0 to obtain an instantaneous acceleration at a specific point in the path. The calculus representation is the derivative of v with respect to t, or dv/dt. Similarly, since v is the derivative of x, the instantaneous acceleration is the second derivative of x with respect to t, or d2x/dt2. Constant Acceleration In several cases, such as the Earths gravitational field, the acceleration may be constant - in other words the velocity changes at the same rate throughout the motion. Using our earlier work, set the time at 0 and the end time as t (picture starting a stopwatch at 0 and ending it at the time of interest). The velocity at time 0 is v0 and at time t is v, yielding the following two equations: a (v - v0)/(t - 0) v v0 at Applying the earlier equations for vav for x0 at time 0 and x at time t, and applying some manipulations (which I will not prove here), we get: x x0 v0t 0.5at2 v2 v02 2a(x - x0) x - x0 (v0 v)t / 2 The above equations of motion with constant acceleration can be used to solve any kinematic problem involving motion of a particle in a straight line with constant acceleration.

Friday, December 20, 2019

Machiavelli vs Islamic Political Thought - 2559 Words

Machiavelli vs Islamic Political Thought Niccolo Machiavelli was a political realist. He thought there were certain skills and characteristics needed to become a political ruler. In his work, The Prince, Machiavelli gives advice on how to be a successful prince, or ruler. Successful is partly based on how powerful a ruler was during his lifetime (reign), but largely based on how much the prince affected the lives, through laws or societal norms, of future generations. Machiavelli was mainly interested in attaining and keeping political power. He believed people were inherently selfish and would, by nature, not respect the law or work for the common good, without civic virtues. The only way to ‘control these human urges was to instill†¦show more content†¦Regardless of how good a ruler Borgia was though, when the time came to install a new pope and it wasnt his father, Borgia fell short and was no longer the ruler. While Machiavelli seemed to put no stock in the role of t he citizen in determining a ruler, he thought rulers could protect their power by evoking the love of their people. But even this isnt enough all the time, because of the question always asked by citizens of its government, what have you done for me lately. The ruler must protect the citizens property, prosperity, family, and well-being. For people to lead happy, full lives, they must be allowed to do what they want, within the guidelines of a state. But this is a cycle easier to maintain, than to begin. For people to do as they wish, there must be guidelines in place, but for guidelines to be established, people have to know what they want to do and what they are unable to do. Here is the reason governments were built in the first place. The group of people chose someone to establish guidelines, because people wanted more than they had. This is the real purpose of a ruler, to help establish a society. Machiavelli was consumed with rulers having and keeping power, by whatever force necessary. This seems to contradict what he is saying about the common good and civic virtues. If the ruler is only interested in power, what care would he have for the people? None, it seems to me. According to Ian Johnston, The Prince was more than just a feebleShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesConsequences of Political Behavior 426 Factors Contributing to Political Behavior 426 †¢ How Do People Respond to Organizational Politics? 429 †¢ Impression Management 430 The Ethics of Behaving Politically 434 Summary and Implications for Managers 435 S A L S A L Self-Assessment Library Is My Workplace Political? 412 glOBalization! Power Distance and Innovation 420 An Ethical Choice Should All Sexual Behavior Be Prohibited at Work? 423 Myth or Science? â€Å"Corporate Political Activity Pays†

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Good vs. Evil A Clockwork Orange free essay sample

This paper examines the 1962 satirical novel A Clockwork Orange, by Anthony Burgess, and looks at morality versus practical social solutions. This paper provides an analysis of Anthony Burgess novel, A Clockwork Orange. The author discusses the plot, setting, language, themes, and pays close attention to the psychological aspects of the book-morality pitted against absurd practices in a society that needs change. The paper examines Modernist literature, and categorizes Burgess novel as a social satire, much like Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal. All the literature that has ever been written can be reduced to a few essential plots perhaps indeed merely two plots. There is the story of the quest for everything from the Holy Grail to the maiden whose foot will fit inside the enchanted crystal slipper. And there is the story of the battle of good versus evil and which of these forces may win in the end. Anthony Burgesss 1962 novel A Clockwork Orange is an especially creative version of this latter archetype. We will write a custom essay sample on Good vs. Evil: A Clockwork Orange or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This paper examines the authors use of plot, characterization and setting to demonstrate both his inventiveness and the ways in which he is pouring the new wine of this dystopic world into the old bottles of Good versus Evil.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Marketing Management Selling and Promoting

Question: Discuss about the Marketing Management for Selling and Promoting. Answer: Introduction: According to Hollensen (2015), Marketing involves the selling and promoting the products. Before one jumps into the business it is mandatory that he decide what to sell and where to sell. He added that the planners chalk out the necessary plans to form a network of firms through which the distribution of the product takes place. Let us discuss about the effective distribution channels in detail. Rosenbloom (2012) opined that distribution of products is always the creation of space and time utility. Products should reach at the right place, at the right time and in the proper condition. Otherwise, it fails to satisfy the customers. Basically, it is a process through which the products are transferred from the producers to the customers. According to Iacobucci D (2014), a distribution channel involves the following members: Manufacturer Wholesalers Retailer Consumers Iacobucci D (2014) stated that, before the products are reached to consumers, wholesalers and retailers play the role of the intermediaries who carry the products. The manufacturers are the ones who make the products. Then the wholesalers buy it in large quantities and sell it to the retailers in small quantities. Iacobucci D (2014) added that in many instances, the manufacturers have given the wholesalers the responsibility to transfer goods to the retailers. Rushton et al (2014) opined that another vital task of the wholesaler is to store the large amount of goods to a particular place before they sell it to the retailers. On the other hand, the retailer buys the products from the wholesalers and makes it available for the customers. For example- the manufacturer of the Pixar sells the products to the retailers, i.e. the local movie theatres and then only the customers get it. Oppewal et al (2013) opined that this network of channels might involve another intermediary in the networ k who transfers the goods from the manufacturers to the wholesalers. They are called the agents. During the customers emergency, the agents play a crucial role. They added that it depends on both the nature of the product and the placement of the product to determine the best way to distribute it. Therefore, the planner should consider the following issues before he designs the distribution process. These are as following: Consider the importance of convenience Consider the cost trade-off and customer service Evaluate the major channels of distribution including the number, types, terms and responsibilities. Although the placement of the products is the primary consideration during the distribution channel designing, the marketers need to check the other elements in the marketing mix strategy. These are the price, product, and promotion. Consideration of these parameters helps the planner to design the channel effectively. He can do the planning in various ways. According to Dawson (2014), the categories are: Intensive distribution Selective distribution exclusive distribution Through the intensive distribution system easily transported and inexpensive products are widely distributed. He opined that the marketers use the pull strategy to promote these products directly to the end customers so that they get the product easily. Most of the snack food items are distributed by using Intensive distribution system. While selling the expensive products including cars and appliances, the marketers use the push strategy. As discussed by Wilkinson (2013), it is a limited or selective distribution process. Here the manufacturer exercises his control over the products. However, they impose most control over the products in case of Exclusive distribution. Marketers willing to sell expensive Rolex products use this strategy. Multiple ways and channels also give birth to situations of conflict. Be it the manufacturer, the wholesaler, or the retailer, whoever is large in size, tries to exercise his power over the other members. Undoubtedly, the domination often leads to resentment and lack of cooperation. This is a reason of the collapse in the system. However, these conflicts can be resolved if the businesspersons try to make communication process transparent because it builds trust among the members .It is important to know the others perspectives and for that, they should exchange the personnel for a better understanding. However, third parties can do negotiations. They are the one who understands both and takes the decision neutrally. With the increase of demands and expansion of global market, the distribution system has changed a lot. Online distribution is the best example of it. Nowadays, the decision-makers taking considering the speed and efficiency level of online distribution and they are taking decisions according to that. The advantages of online distributions are- improved communication among the channel members, instant service, cheaper channels, and long-term relationship building with the members. Thus, the products can reach at distant places in shorter time. Reference Dawson, J.A., 2014.The Marketing Environment (RLE Marketing)(Vol. 1). Routledge. Hollensen, S., 2015.Marketing management: A relationship approach. Pearson Education. Iacobucci, D., 2014.Marketing management. Cengage Learning. Oppewal, H., Tojib, D.R. and Louvieris, P., 2013. Experimental analysis of consumer channel-mix use.Journal of Business Research,66(11), pp.2226-2233. Rosenbloom, B., 2012.Marketing channels. Cengage Learning. Rushton, A., Croucher, P. and Baker, P., 2014.The handbook of logistics and distribution management: Understanding the supply chain. Kogan Page Publishers. Wilkinson, I.F., 2013. Distribution channel management: power considerations.International Journal of Physical Distribution Logistics Management.